Optimizing good health is a key component to ensuring the best health of the baby during the course of a pregnancy, and through delivery. Women who choose to eat a well-balanced diet and exercise routinely while providing essential prenatal care are significantly less likely to experience complications during pregnancy and birthing process.
The types of foods and drinks consumed during pregnancy will have a direct effect on the health of the baby. Consuming a nutritional diet can be a direct link to an increased potential of a normal birth weight, an increased level of fetal brain development, and a reduction in the chance of birth defects.
In addition, consuming a well-balanced diet is known to reduce the potential of pregnancy complications including anemia. Many women that choose to consume a healthy diet are less prone to fatigue and morning sickness, along with other uncomfortable pregnancy symptoms. Proper nutrition is considered to be an ideal solution for balancing mood swings, while improving labor and delivery.
Typically, women should consume a well-balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, protein, whole grains, vitamin C, calcium, iron rich foods, and a proper, adequate amount of fat as a way to ensure the health of both the baby and the mom. A quality diet should be consumed throughout the entire pregnancy, lasting nine months (40 weeks). An easy way to satisfy nutritional requirements during pregnancy is to consume a variety of healthy foods from every food group each day.
Weight gain is often a factor for many pregnant women. It is essential to maintain a healthy amount of weight gain, which is usually upwards of 35 pounds more than a normal range while not being pregnant. It is essential that pregnant women discuss all their nutritional requirements with their gynecologist and determine a proper weight to maintain during pregnancy. Often times, the recommendations for ideal weight gain vary between women that might be underweight before they conceive, compared to those who are obese, or expecting multiple births (twins, triplets, etc.).
Foods to Avoid
Both the mother and the fetus need to be protected from a variety of harmful contaminants including listeriosis (parasitic infection) or bacterial infection. This means that only pasteurized juices, cheese and milk should be consumed. Never consume any deli counter meet or hot dogs until they are thoroughly heated. In addition, any uncooked seafood, poultry, meat and smoke seafood should be avoided. Pregnant women that have a history of allergies need to speak with the gynecologist on the best foods and beverages to avoid.
Supplementing a diet with necessary vitamins, minerals and nutrients is an essential component to a healthy birth. Many times, pregnant women live a hectic lifestyle and often avoid consuming a proper nutrient-filled diet at every meal. Supplementing the diet with the vitamins can provide adequate nutrition to support the developing fetus.
Perform at a moderate amount of routine exercise every day is considered safe and an essential component for pregnant women. Routine exercise helps maintain a healthy baby because it strengthens the moms muscles, increases blood flow circulation, and decreases stress. However, it is always essential to discuss any exercise routine with the gynecologist before starting a regimen, especially for women in a high risk category.
Soon-to-be mothers that did not maintain physical activity before becoming pregnant need to discuss their physical limitations with their doctor. However, the high majority of typical pregnancies often do better when the mom performs routine exercises. This is because it tends to enhance the ability to sleep, strengthen endurance and muscles, reduces backaches, and relieves chronic constipation.
Aerobic exercises including swimming, jogging and walking stimulate the lungs and heart as well as joints and muscle activity, which utilizes oxygen delivery to every cell. In addition, aerobic exercise will enhance circulation, and increase strength and muscle tone.
Learning Good Habits
Making quality health lifestyle choices can have a significant and direct impact on the health of the fetus. Because of that, it is essential to learn good habits such as avoiding smoking, and the consumption of alcohol. Both these bad habits have been directly linked to increased risks and serious complications for both the baby and mother.
Consuming alcohol while pregnant has been associated with numerous medical issues concerning the developing fetus. This is because the alcohol can enter the fetal blood stream in the same high concentration as the bloodstream of the mother. Heavy drinkers that consume high quantities of alcohol throughout pregnancy often results in FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome), where the infant will be mentally deficient, underweight, and experience multiple deformities.
Consuming a healthy diet, exercising routinely, and developing good habits are a simple way to stay healthy and avoiding illnesses while pregnant. Traditional medications used to treat pains, aches, the flu, or the common cold including ibuprofen and aspirin, are not recommended to women that are pregnant. Instead, prevention is usually the best solution for avoiding getting sick. Good hand washing routines, using hand sanitizers, and getting plenty of rest can ensure optimal health. Some illnesses experienced by women during pregnancy often require medical attention. It is essential to discuss with the gynecologist any genital herpes history or the implication should an outbreak occur while pregnant.
In addition, women that suffer with asthma have an increased potential of developing preeclampsia that could cause birth defects, premature delivery, or even death of the mother if not handled appropriately. Often times, asthma can be successfully controlled using good treatments during pregnancy.
Maintaining proper health of the mother is an essential component to increasing the likelihood of an optimal birth of the newborn. However, this takes initiative and determination of a mother who wants to make the best choices for herself and her child. By consuming a healthy diet each day, developing optimal habits to better lifestyle choices, and exercising on a routine basis, the mother can optimize her health, and diminish the potential of a premature birth, or baby born with deformities or other medical complication.